Orthognathic surgery); also known as corrective jaw surgery or simply jaw surgery, is surgery designed to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to. Faculty of Dental Medicine Al-Azhar UniversityOrthognathic surgery is the Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) has a wide range of. Mandibular osteotomies in Orthognathic Surgery Mandibular Recently good stability after BSSO is also shown by polylactate bone plates and.

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Mandible and maxilla osteotomies date to the s. The chinbone is then cut and moved into the ideal position. However, the jaw will still requires two to three months for proper healing.

Prior tosome patients undergoing a dentofacial osteotomy still had third molars wisdom teethand had them removed during surgery.

Orthognathic Surgery

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. All of the cuts are then checked to ensure that they are complete through the cortex and down to cancellous bone.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Hullihen and the origin of orthognathic surgery. The most common of the LeFort procedures, this procedure corrects problems such as a “gummy” smile, long face or overbite by repositioning the upper jaw. Surgical movements of the maxilla and mandible inherently alter the maxillary-mandibular dental occlusion, and as such, careful analysis of the dental models with the orthodontist is essential.

Also, a total maxilla osteotomy is used to treat the “long face syndrome,” known as the skeptical open bite, idiopathic long face, hyper divergent face, total maxillary alveolar hyperplasia, and vertical maxillary excess. First, incisions are made from the first bicuspid to the first bicuspidexposing the mandible.


Orthognathic Surgery

Prior to any Osteotomy, third molars wisdom teeth are extracted to reduce the chance of infection. The recent advent of piezoelectric saws has simplified bone cutting, but such equipment has not yet become the norm outside of the most developed countries.

A Kocher clamp with a chain is then placed on the coronoid process and secured to the surgical drape. Complications of orthognathic surgery: The surgery usually bssk not involve cutting the skin. Effects of age, amount surgrry advancement, and genioplasty on neurosensory disturbance after a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy.

A potentially significant long-term outcome of orthognathic surgery is impaired maxillary growth, due to scar tissue formation. These techniques are utilized extensively for children that suffer from various craniofacial abnormalities, such as Crouzon syndrome. Orthognathic surgery is often needed after reconstruction of cleft palate or other major craniofacial anomalies.

Orthognathic surgery Relationship between mandible and maxilla.

Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy

These may include a weak chin, receding jawline, bucky teeth, bad overbite, sagging neck tissue, or poor lip closure. This allows you to visualise the outcome of your surgical procedure before you decide to proceed with treatment. Address for correspondence Laura A.

Common analyses include Steiner, Ricketts, and Delaire; however, these are beyond the scope of this overview. Dissection is carried down to the inferior border of the mandibular body and the posterior border of the ramus. In most cases, teeth are straightened, or properly aligned, with orthodontics before corrective jaw surgery can be performed to reposition misaligned jaws.

Guiding elastics srugery be placed intraoperatively or postoperatively following extubation.

Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy

Diagnostic value of clinical and electrophysiologic tests in the follow-up”. The surgery usually results in a noticeable change in the patient’s face; a psychological assessment is occasionally required to assess patient’s need for surgery and its predicted effect on the patient.


Planning for the surgery usually involves input from a multidisciplinary team, including oral and maxillofacial surgeons, orthodontists, and occasionally a speech and language therapist. Once the teeth are aligned, the patient is ready for the BSSO.

All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Minor hemorrhage from tearing of the periosteum can be controlled with electrocautery, pressure, or additional vasoconstrictive agents. Careful coordination between the surgeon and orthodontist is essential to ensure that the teeth will fit correctly after the surgery. It is important that this cut is made completely through the cortical bone along the inferior border. Although it has been shown that increasing bone-to-bone contact, as in the Dal Pont lateral osteotomy location, should theoretically increase biomechanical stability, in general, however, the location of the lateral osteotomy cut for BSSO varies according to the surgeon’s preference and training, and no consensus has been reached regarding the ideal location from the perspective of biomechanics.

Patients were reviewed, and divided into two groups; those who had, and those who didn’t have their third molars extracted during the dentofacial Osteotomy.

Once the pedicle is adequately protected, a channel retractor is inserted to provide lateral retraction, a Kocher is placed to provide superior retraction, and a reciprocating saw is placed medial to the ascending ramus, superior to the lingula and parallel to the occlusal plane.