Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior. (a) Egg and (b) egg strings of Enteroctopus megalocyathus. .. Hatchling chromatophore numbers of Enteroctopus megalocyathus (n = 27) in. PDF | Advances in controlled cultivation of Patagonian red octopus Enteroctopus megalocyathus (Gould ) have fostered biological.

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However, quantitative estimates of home range have not been reported.

Enteroctopus – Wikipedia

The wall is less folded than the oesophagus and crop and is lined by a pseudostratified epithelium consisting of tall cells with a nucleus with sparse chromatin and a conspicuous nucleolus. These individuals were predominantly planktonic and could swim but intermittently could adhere or crawl along the wall or bottom of the rearing tanks.

Morphological measurements of freshly dead Enteroctopus megalocyathus at hatching present work and of anaesthetized Octopus vulgaris at 50 and 60 days old Villanueva, The histological characteristics described for the spiralled caecum and the intestine of E. Relative to other Enteroctopus, hatchlings were large with total length TL A detailed description of the microanatomy of the digestive system of Enteroctopus megalocyathus is given, and this revealed some differences between this octopod species and other species of Octopodidae previously described.

Weller for their valuable assistance in the collection of the octopuses for study. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Views Read Edit View history. Enteroctopus megalocyathus Archived at the Wayback Machine. Animals kept in the aquarium without food for two days Octopuses belonging to the group D, E and F were kept in the aquarium without food for two days.


The wall forms longitudinal folds. Wilcoxon paired-sample tests Zar, were performed to compare the number of dorsal and ventral chromatophores and to compare AL with ML.

The breeding season takes place from late summer through late winter. In almost all cases, a single row of dorsal chromatophores range 5—10 on the sides of one or both eyes stood out, whereas over them they were always present megapocyathus two or three rows Fig.

Decision tree analysis for the determination of relevant variables megaloxyathus quantifiable reference points to establish maturity stages in Enteroctopus megalocyathus and Illex argentinus.

It takes about five months days for the eggs to hatch into paralarvae that lack the yolk-sac. The Patagonian red octopus, Enteroctopus megalocyathus Megalocyatuus,is a large benthic species that is caught by artisanal fishermen at several localities along the Argentine Patagonian coast mainly between March and November.

One of their defense mechanisms is the ability to regenerate arms lost due to predation. Summarized, in newly hatched planktonic octopodids the tendency to swim clearly dominates over the tendency to settle Boletzky,whereas for benthic young the opposite may be expected.

On all parts of the body, the chromatophores were brown although when they were slightly expanded they could appear somewhat orange. Because southern red octopuses are cultured in captivity for food, the maximum lifespan of this species is never fully achieved in captivity.

The average gonad weight for males and females are It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. The mantle was broad, rounded and ventrally extended to the level of the lens.


These highly developed eyes give southern red octopuses an advantage when it comes to defense.


Ricerche istochimiche sui mucopolysaccharidi degli epiteli del canale alimentare di Octopus vulgaris. The chromatophores are also used to communicate with other members of this species over territory and mating. This animal kept the original proportions.

Guidelines for taxonomic descriptions of cephalopod species. Aquaculture Research As the gland described above, posterior salivary glands are simple branched tubular glands. The paralarvae, once hatched, move to the surface of the water and continue life as a planktonic species.

It is also described by Boucher-Rodoni in O. The second type is the basal cell. No vesicles with secretion are observed.

Lunes a Viernes; 7: The digestive gland “liver” is an interesting organ related to the digestion process supplying most of the digestive enzymes. The mucosa is underlined by scarce connective tissue and thin fascicles of longitudinal muscles fibers.

Mangold and Young mentioned that in the “pancreas” of different species of cephalopods studied, their absence may serve to differentiate histologically the “pancreas” from the “liver”.

Measurements of megaloycathus structures were done by means of an ocular scale calibrated for X60 and X, in five slices of every slide from the same organ of the three animals.