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It also may have surfaced after the time of Ibn Bawwab as a result of the common use of Al-Khat Al-Mansub that started to be commonly riqzh during this era which later developed into the six traditional scripts Aqlam sitta.

The motive for using the pointed nib pen was to create speed while preserving the distinct features of the script. The Diwani and Diwani Jali scripts are official scripts of the Ottoman court used to write documents such as official correspondences, proclamations, and title appointments and thus its other name Hamayuni. Maghribi Mabsut The Maghribi Mabsut script is used especially in writing the Quran, prayer books, scientific texts, and newspapers.

Everyday handwriting with the normal pen based on the schematic concepts of the Naskh script.

The words in the Diwani Jali script are also purposefully arranged to attain a desired shape and a veil of decorative markings which serve different purposes are added to create a compact overall shape. Despite the long history and the different styles of writing, calligraphers never fail to find beauty within it due to its versatility and the fineness of its strokes.

Through time, the script has gone through many modifications by artists and calligraphers and many variants of the Maghribi script has emerged with most of these types serving a different writing purpose and representing a different geographical area.


The principles of writing this script was first set by Ibrahim Munif who lived during the era of Sultan Mehmet Khaat better known as Mehmet the Conqueror.

Arabic Penmanship Level 4 — 9: This organisation is comprised of local calligraphers who are mainly students of the master calligrapher, Syeikh Belaid Hamidi.

SCRIPTS – The Bustan Khat

The Maghribi Mabsut script is used especially in writing the Quran, prayer books, scientific texts, and newspapers. The first opinion would be that the Diwani script was written about 50 years after the emergence of the Diwani Jali script. The characteristics of the Thuluth script was then incorporated with the Maghribi script and the result was a script with innovative features called Thuluth Maghribi. Its distinctive characteristics made it a preferred script to be used in writings on architectural designs and state treasuries.

The most striking characteristic of this script is its simplicity from the simple turns of the strokes and practicality while writing making it the preferred stroke for various correspondence purposes and for beginner students while learning calligraphy.

Ottoman Calligraphers had contributed much to the maturity of this font by prominent figures such as Mumtaz Bek -the teacher of Sultan Abdul Majid the first- and Mehmed Izzat Effendi. We specialise in conducting Islamic calligraphy courses and creating calligraphy pieces in different types of Arabic fonts. The origin of this script is disputed due to the similarity of its strokes rjqah other scripts and styles.

The efforts of great calligraphers such as Muhammad Abdul Aziz Rifaie and Mustafa Ghazlan Bek in teaching and developing this script had given it a renewed vigor of life. The distinct characteristics of this script can be seen by the striking circular curvature of the letters with the words being written at a specific angle. There are others who say mhat this font was created by the Baghdadi Calligrapher Abu Riqxh ibn Hazin.


Catha Edulis

This workbook is still used by students to this day and is considered as the top reference for this script. Disputed academic opinions have surfaced with regards to the relationship between the Diwani and the Diwani Jali script.

Earlier versions of this script may have surfaced during the 1 st century AH or the Umayyad era as a loose connection to the Meshq style which was used to copy writings or correspondence. Despite the various opinions on the origins of this script, it is widely considered to be closely related to Alkhat Almauzun during the time that is was first used, only to be written with the pointed-nib pen.

The script that comes from the far west of the Islamic world. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the adoption of the Latin letters in Turkey, this script could lived on and survived to this day due to its continuous usage in Egypt through commissions of Diwani script artworks by the Egyptian Royal Family.